Pál Szakács/ August 14, 2018/ Abstract Art/ 0 comments

We live in the world where art has become a nuisance, nothing but a creative way to explore a world without a possibility to get prospects. At the same time, due to the advancement in technology, new multimedia arts became popular while people decided to neglect the traditional and general oil paintings.

When it comes to art, we know that it is expensive, which is why most people decide to purchase reproductions instead. It is more affordable and more convenient way than paying a few million dollars for an original. We recommend you to read this great review on high-quality reproductions so that you can find the perfect one for your home.

But before you decide to purchase a reproduction, it is essential to present you a brief guide on the history of art.

Brief History Of Art

Of course, art is different than technology nowadays, but from the beginning, it was the central part of it. Theology is an expression of life, and art is an expression of theology. Therefore, by checking the history of art, you will be able to learn the distinction between these two concepts.

Late Antique

During the Late Antiquity, you have a transition between classical modes and medieval artistic style. You should have in mind that the underlying philosophy of art was static when compared with today. For example, by 300-year c.e, most Christians accepted sculptures, even though they neglected them before due to their paganic perspective.

More information on late antiquity, you can find by clicking here.

If we go back, we will see greek idealistic realism which was the main characteristic of Hellenic Aesthetics. You have to examine sarcophagi from this particular time, and you will notice a dogmatization of artwork. But here we see more stylized, narrative and even spiritual perspective of the art form.

Greeks used ideals of internalized, and Neoplatonic fashion, which was the primary foundation for medieval art.

Medieval Art

At medieval ages, the most artists used the spiritualized versions of Greek Idealism. The primary distinction was that medieval artists thought that person should have a spiritual experience with artwork, which was implemented by the Franciscan movement and its influence on overall art.

Greek Idealism is a form of phylosophy that changed how art functions. You should check this particular website: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idealism for more information.

The foundation of classicism is apparent in the medieval ages because you can see the medieval church combined with antique philosophical style. Therefore, we can easily say that art shares continuity and tradition in time.


The first significant change that affected the history of art happened during the Reformation and Renaissance. This particular project wanted to restore a Greek Idealism used by ancient philosophers. On the other hand project of Reformation wished to eliminate a single perspective and aesthetics.

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Movements in Northern Germany and England emphasized these events which are the breaking point where art divorced itself from the church and religion. Besides, people who shared artistic vision were ordinary people and not just aristocracy.

However, these traumas that art had due to reformation didn’t change the purposes. Of course, it changed patrons, but it didn’t change the fact that the artist had the same responsibility to provide people with artwork that they should enjoy.

18th Century

By the end of the 18th century, new artists used the old aesthetic tradition to create a modern aesthetic which was the idea of a modern man of those times. After Bastille fell in 1789, that represented the fall of medieval, hierarchical tradition that used “divine right” of Kings.

This particular moment represented the overthrow of medieval and classical aesthetical heritage. This happened all of a sudden, and art divorced with another long-term partner, nobility. That resulted with the entire population as artist and foundation of metaphysics of pure reason. For example, in architecture, they used new strictness by using only exact and strict measures.

During this time, artists wanted to completely get over legendary figures of Church and use ancient Roman and Greek heroes. You should have in mind that this wasn’t a return of idealism like in antique, but it was more a romantic concept where French revolution created a reborn antique Greeks.

In those days, painters such as Goya, Marat, Rembrandt and Jacques Louis-David asserted their techniques from the past and used new romantic motifs such as reason, enlightenment values of nature, individuality, justice, and equity.

Industrial Revolution

French Revolution changed one part of art concept and brought the personal perspective of the game, but the Industrial and Agricultural revolution created art as a product of machinery. The result was immersive popularity and public consumption of art which was focused on style and rules such as less personal expression.

The modern artists began to lack job security as before due to mass production. Therefore, the taste of public and artist became variance so the artist started to use their style to present something that will prove valuable to the audience.

However, that resulted in an era of self-expression that was characterized by a first and second wave. They used a more genuine perspective to make artworks, with the idea that we cannot trust our eyes and that we have to break the rules to become and break the chains to become free artists.

The same approach happens even today.

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